Warts are small tumors that are located on different parts of the skin. This is a widespread pathology, according to various sources, about 3. every adult and every other child is sick. The reason for their appearance is a viral infection (human papillomavirus). Warts on the hands are one of the most common locations. Not all formations can be removed, in some cases the interest rate goes away by itself. To get rid of the pathology, minimal invasive treatment methods are used.
What it is
Warts are benign tumors that are not susceptible to malignancies. They can appear on any part of the skin: face, palms, fingers, soles, genitals. 2 types of tumors appear on the hands - normal and flat.
Warts on the hands can be single or multiple. They are characterized by the following characteristics:
- the color may be fleshy, brown or greyish;
- size varies from 3 mm to 1, 5 cm;
- usually looks like a small nodule (shown in the picture).
Usually their appearance is not accompanied by any symptoms. The formation is painless, sometimes itching of the skin may occur.
The disease can develop in anyone, but children get sick more often. People with weakened immune systems are also more susceptible to infections.
Causes of warts on hands
The cause of the pathology in the hands is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. There are several ways in which the infection can spread:
- direct contact with handshake, contact;
- indirect infection through common objects: door handles, handrails, lift buttons;
- home infection, when several people use the same towel or other personal hygiene.
From infection to the first manifestation of the pathology, it usually takes several months, during which time the wart grows to 0, 5-1 cm.
Not everyone who comes in contact with an infection gets warts. In many respects, the risk of infection depends on the state of the immune system. Trends are:
- all physical diseases affecting the state of the immune system;
- skin diseases;
- very dry skin on hands;
- increased sweating in the palms.
Cases of pathology are also alleviated by frequent injuries to the skin of the hands: the habit of biting nails, biting fingers and tearing burrs. An important role is played by non-compliance with the rules on personal hygiene.
2 types of tumors appear on the hands: normal (rude) and flat. The difference lies in the location, shape, size and approach of treatment.
Common warts are the most common form of the disease. They mainly occur in adults, but children can also get sick. Located on fingers, back of hand, in interstitial spaces.
What they look like:
- size 0, 5–1, 5 cm;
- rise over the skin;
- more often single;
- have an uneven, rough surface.
This is a relatively rare form of the disease, occurring in 4-5% of cases. Flat warts mainly occur at a young age, hence their second name - juvenile. They are located on the back of the hands. Formations are usually many, appearing in groups. These are small nodules up to 0, 5 cm in size, which almost do not rise above the surface of the skin.
Clinical evidence is usually sufficient for diagnosis. The shape and size of the formation are taken into account, as well as the absence of discomfort in the affected area. Your doctor may prescribe additional tests to rule out malignancies and other skin conditions. What courses can be assigned:
|Diagnostic method||Research tips, explanation|
|Skin reflection||Allows you to view the skin formation under 10x magnification. With the help of a skin mirror, you can assess the edges of the tumor, symmetrical or asymmetrical, color, surface and other variables. The study is performed for all patients to determine whether or not the formation needs to be removed.|
|Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)||To determine HPV infection. With the help of research, not only can the presence of infection be confirmed or refuted, but also the type of HPV (carcinogenic, non-carcinogenic) can be determined.|
|Histological examination||The main diagnostic method. Postoperative histological examination makes it possible to make a diagnosis with a 100% probability.|
What to do for the patient
Not all warts need to be removed. In most cases, such formations go away on their own without the need for medical attention. In adults, they are also rarely dangerous.
In which cases surgery may be needed:
- education begins to grow rapidly;
- the number increases;
- frequent shocks occur;
- there are signs of a malignant disease (asymmetric, rapid growth, etc. ).
In all cases, the doctor should decide to remove it after a complete examination of the patient.
Hand wart treatment
There are many ways to get rid of pathology. The choice depends on several factors: the general condition of the body, the number of images, their size and variety. The essence of the treatment is to remove the wart with the help of special substances, laser, liquid nitrogen, electric current. In view of the viral nature of the disease, antiviral therapy is also prescribed, which aims to prevent relapses.
Cryodestruction is a treatment method based on exposure to liquid nitrogen. Exposure to low temperatures leads to freezing and tissue death.
Freezing is done using a special drawer. How the treatment works:
- the wart is treated with an antiseptic solution;
- container is applied perpendicular to the surface with gentle pressure;
- the exposure time depends on the size of the formation and is 5-30 seconds.
Education under the action of liquid nitrogen becomes pale, becomes denser. After 1-2 minutes, the frost area turns red and swollen, then a small air bubble that lasts up to 1 week and gradually decreases. Instead, a crust appears that is rejected after 1-2 weeks and does not leave noticeable changes on the skin.
Cryosurgery for the treatment of warts is most commonly used, which is related to a number of advantages of this method:
- ease of use and accessibility;
- no scar after surgery.
Disadvantages of freezing include the need to repeat the procedure, as complete destruction of the formation is rarely achieved in one cycle.
Electric coagulation is a treatment method in which surgery is used to remove the formation. Electrical thinning is based on the effect of an electric current. This treatment method is used to remove rude warts.
How the treatment works:
- local anesthesia is performed;
- with the help of a metal loop, in which a high current is present, the wart is removed;
- the distant formation is sent for histological examination.
The benefits of coagulation include a low risk of postoperative complications as tissue warming stops bleeding and the spread of infection.
Whether a scar remains after such treatment depends on the depth of the disease.
Laser removal of warts is one of the most modern treatment methods. Depending on the type of solvent, this treatment is based on solidification or evaporation.
The treatment is performed under local anesthesia. The wart is removed with a solvent in layers, the duration of the operation is 2-3 minutes.
Postoperative complications are extremely rare, with little depression left at the site of removal.
A traditional method of getting rid of the disease is surgery on the formation. Treatment involves a small operation under local anesthesia. Surgery is usually prescribed for major injuries, when other methods are ineffective.
A scalpel or other surgical instrument can be used to remove the wart. After the formation has been cut out, cosmetic stitches are applied to the skin which is removed in 5-7 days. After the seams have been removed, a small scar will remain on the skin.
Unfortunately, there are no specific drugs that would get rid of papillomavirus infection. You can use topical preparations in the form of creams and ointments.
Folk medicine: help or not
For home treatment, folk remedies are often used: celandine juice, flaxseed oil, onion, mountain ash, thuja. Folk recipes are based on the treatment of infected areas with herbal remedies that have corrosive or destructive effects.
Treatment with folk remedies does not lead to perfect healing. Even if it comes out to cauterize the wart, after a while it will grow back. Such treatment often leads to the development of complications.
Prospects and complications
The outlook is almost always favorable. In some cases, the warts disappear on their own, more often they persist for a long time, but do not cause significant discomfort. An unfavorable outlook is usually associated with the development of complications:
- bacterial flora membership;
- damage to surrounding tissues;
Complications are relatively rare, usually associated with frequent trauma or improper treatment of the disease.
The biggest problem with treating pathology is frequent relapses. Given the viral nature of the disease, surgery does not guarantee complete removal of the images.